The smart solar tower mockup is easy to build and assemble because it is based on 3D-printed parts.
FREMONT, CA: Energy makes the globe go round. Industry, daily life, transportation, communications, all is powered by energy. Industrial developments have been exponentially rising the need for energy to maintain energy-dependent lifestyles. Fossil fuels are presently the major power supplies. Fossil fuels' market share ranges from 87 to 76 percent. However, rising costs, environmental concerns about sustainability are currently encouraging investment and research in alternative sources of power that may offer clean, renewable, sustainable, and efficient energy.
Among all renewables, solar power is the most abundant energy source in the world. About 93 percent of solar power may be theoretically used. The two significant solar energy technologies are solar photovoltaic (PV) and solar thermal. The most efficient means of storing heat in solar thermal energy, then electricity in PV batteries, makes solar thermal energy more appropriate for large-scale energy production facilities because of its dispatchability on demand. Optical concentration devices are utilized to get maximum solar conversion at little heat loss by concentrating the reflected solar flux onto a reduced-area receiver.
Solar Power Tower (SPT) is a promising CSP technology since it creates the highest efficiency and has a major scaling-up ability. Solar tower power plants account for 70 percent of the total potential of CPS projects under development. SPT transforms solar power into thermal energy to later generate electricity. Solar energy concentrators, compounded by mirrors, reflect and concentrate the solar radiation onto a receiver placed at the top of a building.
Due to the Earth's movement, heliostats must be aligned to reflect and concentrate the incoming solar radiation onto the receiver. The solar tracking system runs this activity. The solar tracking systems keep the optical axis of the heliostat aligned with the angle bisector (VA) formed by the solar vector (VS) and the receptor vector (VT). Solar position algorithms power conventional solar tracking systems because the receiver's position is known, and the apparent sun's trajectory is already well known and given by solar equations.