The power plants have started utilizing technologies so that they can reduce the emissions of harmful gases and materials.
FREMONT, CA: The environmental regulation that has been designed to reduce emissions from power plants has developed a wide range of technologies that can be used for control pollutants. The techniques have emerged because the regulations have transformed, and more pollutants have been recognized.
Recently, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) relaxed a few regulations related to coal combustion residuals and wastewater from the power plants that may impact how the pollution controls are getting adopted. However, according to industry experts, these rollbacks will not slow down the speed of technological advancements that are developed to reduce the environmental impact of power generation. It is especially true for the coal-fired units as their primary source of pollutants are carbon dioxide (CO2) particulate matter (PM), sulfur oxides (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), and heavy metals like mercury. These pollutants contain acids, soil or dust particles, organic chemicals, and metals.
Many companies have started to apply dual-function selective catalytic reduction (SCR). This latest model of the catalyst decreases NOx, and it can even oxidize the carbon monoxide cost-effectively than the unit’s traditional control technology. Some organizations use the wet scrubber technology to lower SO2 and also have dry flue gas desulfurization systems that can control acid gases. Many hi-tech technologies can control the release of mercury. Therefore, it is vital to apply advanced technology to allow the companies to decrease their release of harmful gasses in the water. There are also many hardware solutions used by the companies that can increase the reduction or make adjustments in the fundamental power conversion procedures. With the technologies, the power plants can analyze, optimize, and even use digital twin monitoring technology. These advanced software technologies can also replace the expensive investment that the companies have to conduct to achieve sustainable goals.
The technologies will not only enhance the efficiency of combustion and increase the capacity of power plants while cutting emissions. However, it is equally essential for the plant operators to keep track of the processes that the technology follows so that they could increase their efficiency and productivity along with enhancing their performance.