Utilizing a smaller scale adoption of anti-solar panels means an increase in sustainable energy usage. Anti-solar panels serve as a transitional technology in the future due to its enormous benefits.
FREMONT, CA: Fossil fuels are still the largest source of energy, considering more than half of America's electricity generation. These sources are non-renewable, and using them discharges harmful pollutants into the atmosphere. Nonetheless, they remain as the world's chief energy source, due to convenience and cost.
Solar radiation produces a widely available, renewable source of power, but the current solar panels have minimal effectiveness. One of the few drawbacks is that they can't generate electricity at midnight. While the battery storage for solar energy is enhancing, the limitation also means it may not be able to keep up with demands.
Anti-solar panels work opposite to the traditional ones. Whereas latest versions draw energy coming from the sun, anti-solar panels use heat radiating off the Earth's surface. Conventional solar panels use the photovoltaic to absorb photons from the sun's radiation, which the system then uses to generate an electric charge. They can draw in the radiation, as they are cold compared to the sun.
Anti-solar panels work in the same basic principle but in reverse. The air grows colder at night, so the heat radiates from the Earth's surface toward space. In a process known as the radiative cooling, the heat radiates in the form of infrared light, which the new equipment can be used to generate electricity. Radiative cooling is in use in other applications. Instead of the movement of heat to make an area comfortable, anti-solar panels does it to harvest the energy.
The process doesn't equal the amount of energy generated during the day. The researchers estimate that the tools can produce around 25 percent of the electricity that traditional solar panels do per day. While the number may seem small by itself, it represents a sizeable improvement in energy overall, as the current systems don't operate at night.